This article talks about Preference Share. It also highlights on the rules related to the Issue and Redemption of Preference Shares under shares and debentures rules, 2014.
Preference shares are that part of a company’s share capital which carry a preferential right to dividend at a fixed rate or amount; and repayment of capital in case of winding-up of the company.
Issue and Redemption of Preference Shares
(1)No company limited by shares shall, after the commencement of this Act, issue any preference shares which are irredeemable.
(2)A company limited by shares may, if so authorised by its articles, issue preference shares which are liable to be redeemed within a period not exceeding twenty years from the date of their issue subject to such conditions as may be prescribed:
a company may issue preference shares for a period exceeding twenty years for infrastructure projects, subject to the redemption of such percentage of shares as may be prescribed on an annual basis at the option of such preferential shareholders:
Provided further that—
(a) no such shares shall thus redeemed except out of the profits of the company which would otherwise available for dividend or out of the proceeds of a fresh issue of shares made for the purposes of such redemption;
(b) no such shares shall however redeemed unless fully paid;
(c) where such shares are proposed to be redeemed out of the profits of the company, there shall, out of such profits, be transferred, a sum equal to the nominal amount of the shares to be redeemed, to a reserve, to be called the Capital Redemption Reserve Account, and the provisions of this Act relating to reduction of share capital of a company shall, except as provided in this section, apply as if the Capital Redemption Reserve Account were paid-up share capital of the company; and
(d) (i) in case of such class of companies, as may be prescribed and whose financial statement comply with the accounting standards prescribed for such class of companies under section 133, the premium, if any, payable on redemption shall be provided for out of the profits of the company, before the shares are redeemed:
Provided also that,
premium, if any, payable on redemption of any preference share issued on or before the commencement of this Act by any such company shall however provided for out of the profits of the company or out of the company’s securities premium account, before such shares thus redeemed.
(ii) in a case not falling under sub-clause (i) above, the premium, if any, payable on redemption shall thus provided for out of the profits of the company or out of the company’s securities premium account, before such shares seem redeem.
(3) Where a company thus not in a position to redeem any preference shares or to pay dividend, if any, on such shares in accordance with the terms of issue (such shares hereinafter referred to as unredeemed preference share), it may, with the consent of the holders of three-fourths in value of such preference shares and with the approval of the Tribunal on a petition made by it in this behalf, issue further redeemable preference shares equal to the amount due, including the dividend thereon, in respect of the unredeemed preference shares and on the issue of such further redeemable preference shares, the unredeemed preference shares shall deemed to have redeemed:
the Tribunal shall, while giving approval under this sub-section, order the redemption forthwith of preference shares held by such persons who have not consented to the issue of further redeemable preference shares.
For the removal of doubts, hence hereby declared that the issue of further redeemable preference shares or the redemption of preference shares under this section shall not deemed an increase or, as the case maybe, a reduction, in the share capital of the company.
(4) The capital redemption reserve account may, notwithstanding anything in this section, deemed applied by the company, in paying up unissued shares of the company to issue to members of the company as fully paid bonus shares.
Issue and Redemption of Preference Shares under Shares and Debentures Rules, 2014
(1) A company having a share capital may, if so authorised by its articles, issue preference shares subject to the following conditions, namely:-
(a) Issue of such shares has thus authorized by passing a special resolution in general meeting of company
(b) the company, at the time of such issue of preference shares, has no subsisting default in the redemption of preference shares issued either before or after the commencement of this Act or in payment of dividend due on any preference shares.
(2) A company issuing preference shares shall set out in the resolution, particulars in respect of the following matters relating to such shares, namely:-
(a) the priority with respect to payment of dividend or repayment of capital vis-a-vis equity shares;
(b) the participation in surplus fund;
(c) the participation in surplus assets and profits, on winding-up which may remain after the entire capital has thus repaid;
(d) the payment of dividend on cumulative or non-cumulative basis.
(e) the conversion of preference shares into equity shares.
(f) the voting rights;
(g) the redemption of preference shares.
(3) The explanatory statement to be annexed to the notice of the general meeting pursuant to section 102 shall, inter-alia, provide the complete material facts concerned with and relevant to the issue of such shares, including-
(a) the size of the issue and number of preference shares thus to issue and nominal value of each share;
(b) the nature of such shares i.e. cumulative or non – cumulative, participating or non – participating , convertible or non – convertible
(c) the objectives of the issue;
(d) the manner of issue of shares;
(e) the price at which such shares proposed to issue;
(f) the basis on which the price has arrived at;
(g) the terms of issue, including terms and rate of dividend on each share, etc.;
(h) Terms of redemption, including tenure of redemption, redemption of shares at premium and if preference share is convertible, the terms of conversion;
(i) the manner and modes of redemption;
(j) the current shareholding pattern of the company;
(k) the expected dilution in equity share capital upon conversion of preference share.
(4) Where a company issues preference shares, the Register of Members maintained under section 88 shall contain the particulars in respect of such preference share holder(s).
(5) A company intending to list its preference shares on a recognized stock exchange shall issue such shares in accordance with the regulations made by the Securities and Exchange Board of India in this behalf.
(6) A company may redeem its preference shares only on the terms on which they were issued or as varied after due approval of preference shareholders under section 48 of the Act and the preference shares may be redeemed:-
(a) at a fixed time or on the happening of a particular event;
(b) any time at the company’s option; or
(c) any time at the shareholder’s option.
Issue and Redemption of Preference Shares by Company in Infrastructural Projects
A company engaged in the setting up and dealing with of infrastructural projects may
- issue preference share for a period exceeding twenty years but not exceeding thirty years
- subject to the redemption of a minimum ten percent of such preference shares per year from the twenty first year onward or earlier, on proportionate basis, at the option of the preference shareholders.