Oct 28, 2017
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The IT Act, 2000

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This article gives a gist of The IT Act, 2000. However the main motive of this Act is to provide legal recognition for transactions carried out by means of electronic data interchange and other means of electronic communication commonly known as E-commerce.

Introduction Of  The Information Technology Act, 2000

The IT Act, 2000 extend to the whole of India and it applies also to any offence or contravention thereunder committed outside India by any person. The IT Act, 2000 provides legal recognition for transactions carried out by means of electronic data interchange and other means of electronic communication, commonly referred to as“electronic commerce”, which involve the use of alternatives to paper-based methods of communication and storage of information, to facilitate electronic filing of documents with the Government agencies and further to amend The Indian Penal CodeThe Indian Evidence Act, 1872, The Banker’s Books Evidence Act, 1891 and The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto..

Advantages of  The IT Act, 2000 for Cyber Laws

  • The IT Act 2000 attempts to change outdated laws and provides ways to deal with cyber crimes. We need such laws so that people can perform purchase transactions over the Net through credit cards without fear of misuse. The Act offers the much-needed legal framework so that information is not denied legal effect, validity or enforceability, solely on the ground that it is in the form of electronic records.

  • In view of the growth in transactions and communications carried out through electronic records, the Act seeks to empower government departments to accept filing, creating and retention of official documents in the digital format. The Act has also proposed a legal framework for the authentication and origin of electronic records/communications through digital signature.

  • From the perspective of e-commerce in India, the IT Act 2000 and its provisions contain many positive aspects. Firstly, the implications of these provisions for the e-businesses would be that email would now be a valid and legal form of communication in our country that can be duly produced and approved in a court of law.

  • Companies shall now be able to carry out electronic commerce using the legal infrastructure provided by the Act.

  • Digital signatures have given legal validity and sanction in the Act.

  • The Act throws open the doors for the entry of corporate companies in the business of being Certifying Authorities for issuing Digital Signatures Certificates.

  • IT Act, 2000 Act now allows Government to issue notification on the web thus heralding e-governance.

  • The Act enables the companies to file any form, application or any other document with any office, authority, body or agency owned or controlled by the appropriate Government in electronic form by means of such electronic form as maybe prescribed by the appropriate Government.

  • The IT Act also addresses the important issues of security, which are so critical to the success of electronic transactions. The Act has given a legal definition to the concept of secure digital signatures that would require to have passed through a system of a security procedure, as stipulated by the Government at a later date.

  • Under the IT Act, 2000, it shall now be possible for corporate to have a statutory remedy in case if anyone breaks into their computer systems or network and causes damages or copies data. The remedy provided by the Act is in the form of monetary damages, not exceeding Rs. 1 crore.


Find lawyers in mumbai for issues relating to cyber crimes.

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Cyber crime

Avani is a LL.B. student of New Law College. Classical use of language and adeptness with the written word make her treasure useful legal information. In her spare time, she writes prose and pursue an active interest in creative writing.

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