Oct 9, 2017
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Immigration India: Overview of Citizenship and Foreign Immigration

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Immigration India: Overview of Citizenship and Foreign Immigration

Constitution of India and Immigration India Law

Immigration India Law refers to the set of laws that exclusively governs immigration in a nation. However, the Constitution of India governs the rules and regulations of immigration. Additionally, International Law regulates Immigration India Law concerning the citizens of a country. To expand on that, the International Organization for Migration is the main intergovernmental organization in the field of Migration. Simply put, the objective of immigration is gaining citizenship or nationality in a different country. In India, the law relating to citizenship or nationality is mainly governed by the provisions of the Constitution.


Citizenship Act, 1955

The Citizenship Act, 1955 is the primary piece of legislation governing the process of Immigration in India. The Citizenship Act determines the process of how a person acquires or maintains Indian citizenship.

Immigration India – Foreign Immigrants

The Bureau of Immigration is the nodal organization for granting of immigration law visas for foreigners. BoI website that aims to provide you help on immigration matters. Therefore, BoI tries to make the process of moving to India easier and less complicated. Additionally, BoI conforms to Immigration India amendments and rules. As a service, BoI also tracks and ensures that foreigners maintain their legal status.

Regarding the procedure involved, the Citizenship Act, 1955 constitutes very complicated set of rules, regulations and exceptions. So far as foreign citizens are concerned, Immigration India Law is related to Nationality Law of a nation governing the matters of citizenship. International Law regulates Immigration Law concerning the citizens of a country.

Even immigrants are subject to taxation in India. Accordingly, immigrants also have to pay the GST India Tax.

Immigration India – PIO’s and OCI

India citizens can immigrate to other countries based on bi-lateral and multi-lateral agreements with other countries or through global organizations.

  1. Non-resident Indians or NRI’s are non-immigrant visitors to other countries. Under Immigration India law, NRI’s retain legal status as Indian citizens.
  2. Person of Indian Origin or PIO’s are ex-citizens who have now immigrated to a foreign country. PIO’s identify themselves as a citizen of another country. Therefore PIO’s are not legal Indian citizens. Though, the recent central government has made certain processes like applying for a travel visa easier for PIO’s.
  3. OCI or Overseas Citizens of India are those citizens who have dual citizenship, one of India and one of another country. Wherever the other country of residence allows it, OCI’s can continue to enjoy the benefits of Indian citizenship.
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Avani is a LL.B. student of New Law College. Classical use of language and adeptness with the written word make her treasure useful legal information. In her spare time, she writes prose and pursue an active interest in creative writing.

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